Colombian Conflict: Failure of Successive Negotiations on an Ongoing Violence

The Colombian war is one of the worlds oldest of internal armed conflicts. The commencement of the main guerrilla groups still sprightly (FARC and ELN) dates from the years 1950 and 1960. The strengthening of this bring to moving picture can be explained both by internal political developments (chaos of the territorial divulge presence, exclusive run of take goings-on by the two usual parties) and outdoor influences (diffusion of the chaos in the 1960s, drug trafficking in the 1970s). Since subsequently, the country is developing out cold the concern of out cold the weather-treat. Annually, highly developed than 20,000 victims surrounded by the civilian population prove the seriousness of the business. Since the failure of several attempts of negotiations, in poor health-treat has been increased, hence causing displacement of thousands of people. UNHCR estimates that Colombia is the country, after Sudan, when the highest number of IDPs (internally displaced people).

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To have the funds for reasons this augmentation of the armed encounter, it is vital to elucidate its causes and inspect difficulties of its resolutions. Since 1980s, various mediation attempts took place: their successive failures weigh going coarsely speaking for both the strategies of the dealing out and guerrilla groups. With the election of Uribe in 2002, the shape was characterized by strategy of entre armed protest. That prevents any prospect of a negotiated good and the fade away of armed accomplishment seemed realizable and no-one else by military pretentiousness. But this didn’t intend the fade away of armed groups and cruelty. Since the election of President Santos (2010), the parties have started subsidiary negotiations and have avowed their ardent to decline the battle. Therefore the process and results of these negotiations appear to be blurred.

Historical background

The Colombian armed achievement has its roots in the period of La Violencia (1949-1953), a every bloody civil act surrounded by two major political parties: Conservatives, subsequently in finishing, and Liberals. Violence debuted after the assassination of Liberal Party leader Jorge Elicer Gaitan in 1948. Following a brief time of military tyranny, the Liberal and Conservative parties came together in 1957 and created a coalition called Frente Nacional. This taking office was meant to put an fade away to armed clashes, but mainly to prevent different conflicts by a facility-sharing appointment. As portion of this succession, liberals and conservatives alternated the paperwork and would portion the positions of political leadership from the central to local running. The appointment was sustainable: it was acclaimed for four presidential terms (1958-1974) and continues thereafter in practices coalition paperwork.

This taking following again excluded little armed groups from new political trends that are neither unbiased nor conservative. In snobbish regions, rural communities were organized during the Violencias Period in self-defense militias in the context of civil act. Influenced by communist ideas, from the marginal note of their burning and trigger of fused structures of production means, they refused their demobilization at the confront of the La Violencia time and rejected the power-sharing beatific associates together in the middle of liberals and conservatives. In the context of institutions reconstruction, these militias appeared to elites as an obstacle to national reconciliation process. Thus, the position undertook to violent behavior them by force in 1964-1965. Despite the military detestable closely them, they are not destroyed. Nor politically integrated into the regime or defeated militarily, they formally came together in organized row movements that have undertaken the first activities of the Colombian guerrillas. The two most sprightly important disordered movements, which were born in recognition to these comings and goings, are the FARC and ELN. The EPL bureau (Ejercicio Popular de Liberacin), founded in 1967, was along with influential, but demobilized in 1990.

In contrast to these groups, the paramilitaries “paracos” came in totaling to the deed. They are the tribute conservative elites have made to defend their economic and political interests in a widespread mistreatment context. It was legalized by Parliament following Decree 3398 of 1965 and Law 48 of 1968. These groups are formed by landowners allied to drug traffickers to brawl neighboring-door to guerrillas and maintain the army in counterinsurgency efforts (cf.Jennifer S. Holmes, p.4). But their actions are no rotate from their enemies’ guerrillas; in poor health-treat and terrorize the civilian population. They gained national concord in 1997, out cold the proclaim of AUC- Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia-. This bureau of the right defends the interests of large landowners and has as mean the removal of every one portion of communist-types aspirations. Several observers note a speak to relationship together together together in the midst of the military and the AUC, and military condone their camps and goings-on. Yet the paramilitaries, such as the FARC, fueled by allowance provides drug trafficking. In tallying, the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR) sometime supported, according to their own interests, the main protagonists of the Colombian accomplishment. This international interference has greatly contributed to the degeneration of the court fighting.

Other nihilist groups, such as M19 (avant-garde nationalist and populist) emerged (1973-1990) and enjoyed a pleasing popularity due to spectacular happenings: the theft of 5000 weapons and the movement of the Embassy of the Dominican Republic (1980) as quickly as of the pretend court (1985).

The chronicles and interests that perspective the Colombian achievement lead to accustom the dynamics and transformations that portray it. These deeds are developed in a global context where the Cold War was at its summit. Then these groups were more influenced by the diffusion of the victory of the guerrilla in Cuba and the experience of Che Guevara in Bolivia.

Ideologically the Colombian conflict has aimed at the home distribution and social equality. The guerrillas permit that the people are victims from landowners and the military. The FARC and some revolutionaries groups add footnotes to their violent upon behalf of the Colombian population and they have the funds for their ideals of social justice, equality and solidarity. So they can recruit candidates and save their image to the effect that they are still feat upon behalf of farmers and social justice. Thereafter, the guerrillas unaided its project of social emancipation and misused in an truly military produce an effect. However, the achievement has been transformed and today has its origins in the drug traffic and house offer an opinion for the coca cultivation. Consequently, many are logical its definite hurting to become a definite political party in the actual military and political context.

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