Communist party officials are in Beijing for a four-day, behind-closed-doors
meeting this week.
The plenum kicks off a big year for China, building up to next year's party congress, a twice-a-decade event.
While this week's gathering is largely pre-scripted, a communiqué is usually released at the end of event - and that should help the outside world figure out which way China is headed.
Political considerations - especially party leadership, succession issues and a "code of conduct" for party cadres - are likely to dominate proceedings. But here are three things I'm watching for on the economic front:
A recent Pew poll showed that corrupt officials are the top concern of Chinese people. So the key theme of this meeting - discipline - is an issue close to the hearts of many in China.
Cracking down on corruption, both within the party and in business circles, has been key to President Xi Jinping's reform agenda. It's thought that more than a million officials have been punished in his anti-corruption drive over almost four years.
But critics say that arresting individuals is the easy bit and that President Xi has done little to get to the root of the problem. There have been no meaningful moves towards regulation or systems that allow whistle-blowing for example they argue.
Analysts say President Xi believes that the only way for him to realise his "China Dream" (his vision of China's economic and military rejuvenation) is if the Chinese Communist party remains disciplined, and graft-free. Of course, the anti-corruption drive has also had a knock-on effect on the economy: there's been less spending in provinces than in previous years because of fears that excessive wealth might bring with it unnecessary and unwanted attention.
As Michael Clauss the German Ambassador to China wrote in a recent editorial in the South China Morning Post, "it is hard to hide…[the] disappointment" when it comes to opening up China to non-state competition.
State-owned enterprises dominate China's business landscape, and that makes it very difficult for other firms - both local and foreign - to compete.
China has consistently said it is cleaning up the so-called "zombie" firms but it has so far been unwilling or unable to shut down many of these bloated companies.